Engineering – Diverse Field That Offers Countless Opportunities
There are numerous types of educations and careers for engineers. Within the field of engineering there seems to be something for everyone and that field is evolving each and every year. Whether your preference is hands-on product designs or you prefer research and development, marketing or something else, you will find it in engineering. This field is now beginning to include an incredible array of applications and job duties:
What Engineers Do
Engineering is a broad term used to describe several categories and areas of expertise that deals with the application of science and mathematics. The goal of engineers is to provide economical solutions to problems. This often includes developing new products.
Engineers also work in the field of actual production, testing, and/or maintenance. Responsibilities include supervision roles in factories, testing to determine reliability and resolving any component failure issues. In addition, engineers calculate the cost and related time required to complete projects.
Types of Engineers
Most engineers specialize in a particular area or within a certain industry. Many engineers work in cross-disciplinary fields, where their overlapping skills are utilized by a variety of industries. Some of the major types of engineers are described below.
Aerospace Engineering – Aerospace technology is used to design and develop aircrafts and other products. This field is also expanding to incorporate satellite technology, radar systems, and other technological tools.
Agricultural Engineering – Jobs focus on farm and food equipment, storage, and systems. In the future, agricultural engineers will be needed to help farmers make their land more ecologically sustainable.
Bio/Biomedical Engineering – This category of engineering combines engineering with biology. The coming age of bio-engineering is promising to be one of the great science job sectors of the 21st century.
Chemical Engineering – Raw materials are used to develop products. Engineers are needed to ensure the process goes smoothly and safely.
Civil Engineering – Civil engineers focus on planning, designing and supervising the construction of roads, bridges, buildings, and other structures. This is another field that will benefit from a new breed of eco-minded engineers.
Computer/Software Engineering – The focus is on all aspects of computer systems.
Electrical Engineering – This specialty includes all issues related to the use of electricity and electrical systems and devices.
Environmental Engineering – Roles include working to develop new and improved recycling methods, water distribution systems, sewage treatment, and other ways to reduce or prevent pollution and improve air quality.
Manufacturing Engineering – Manufacturing engineers work to plan, design, develop, and manage the manufacturing of products.
Mechanical Engineering – Mechanics and energy principles are used to plan and design machines in such areas as automotives, air-conditioning and refrigeration, robotics and welding.
Trends for Engineering
New and emerging fields make engineering increasingly versatile. Many areas of engineering can ‘cross-over’ into another area of specialty. An example of this is the career options for mechanical engineers. Because mechanical engineering can also be applied to specialty areas like aerospace engineering and manufacturing engineering, mechanical engineering staffing firms have new options to pursue for their clients. In addition, nano-technology and biotechnology will soon offer new and exciting opportunities for mechanical engineers. Trends like this are prevalent in all types of engineering.